Normal Hormonal Level Of A Woman

Hormonal changes (violation of the hormonal background) often become the main cause of diseases of the female reproductive system and in this case we are talking about hormone-mediated gynecological diseases in women. Many women think that the health of their reproductive system can only violate sexual infections. But the female hormonal background is one of the most finely balanced and therefore vulnerable systems.

Failure in the hormonal balance, immunity disorders, inflammatory processes, sexual infections are the causes of diseases of the reproductive system of women. To such diseases it is customary to include myoma of the uterus, endometrial hyperplasia, endometriosis, polyps, polycystosis, violation of the menstrual cycle. Recently, the asymptomatic course of gynecological diseases, including those transmitted by sexual intercourse, is very common. Even pathological discharge from the vagina with such diseases is not always the case. Without analysis, it is difficult to distinguish them from normal secretions. With the latent flow of female diseases, there is no abdominal pain, bleeding, irregular menstrual cycle and other symptoms. Therefore, every woman at least twice a year needs a preventive examination of the gynecologist.

Hormonal disbalance

Hormonal failure is the cause of all these diseases. It, in turn, can be caused by many reasons. Hormonal disorders in women can be congenital, genetically conditioned. In this case, the menstrual cycle may not begin at all (primary amenorrhea). Hormonal failure can result in transferred infections - including sexually transmitted infections (STIs). If in childhood a woman was constantly ill with tonsillitis or ARI, then this could cause hormonal disorders in an adult woman. Weakened by constant illnesses or stresses, inadequate nutrition or overfatigue, immunity also causes hormonal failure. Diseases of the endocrine system (thyroid gland, etc.) occupy one of the first places in a number of causes of hormone-mediated gynecological diseases. Often, women develop surgical operations in the genital and peritoneal regions to develop hormonal diseases of the reproductive system. One of the most common causes of hormonal diseases in women leading to infertility are abortions, primarily related to curettage of the uterus (surgical).

It is quite difficult to diagnose hormonal diseases of the female reproductive system. To do this, the latest diagnostic methods are used - blood test for hormones, ultrasound, hysteroscopy, laparoscopy. Female hormones are estrogen and progesterone. They control the complex processes inherent in the woman's body. With the onset of puberty in adolescence, every month in a certain period of the menstrual cycle from the ovarian follicles out ovum. There is a release of estrogen by the ovaries, which leads to the development of secondary sexual characteristics - breast growth and hair growth. The interaction of estrogen and progesterone will continue to regulate the menstrual cycle of a woman throughout the reproductive period.

The level of female hormones changes when a woman becomes pregnant to support a pregnancy. About the onset of pregnancy, the ovaries "recognize" after the appearance in the body of a woman of a new pregnancy hormone - human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), which is produced only during pregnancy, and which can be detected with home pregnancy tests in the urine of a pregnant woman and with a blood test HCG hormone. During pregnancy, the ovaries increase the production of hormones of estrogen and progesterone until the placenta can produce its own hormones to support pregnancy - usually the fourth month of pregnancy.

After birth, another change in the level of female hormones occurs, as a result of which the uterus returns to its normal state, and the biological functions that have changed during pregnancy are restored. Now, female hormones regulate the production of breast milk for feeding a newborn. Changes in the level of women's hormones continues up to menopause (which occurs, as a rule, at the age of 40-50 years). During menopause, the ovaries stop the production of eggs and no longer produce estrogen, which leads to the final cessation of the female menstrual cycle.

When you need to pass a blood test for female sex hormones

With the help of a blood test for hormones, one can assess the functional state of the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, mammary glands, adrenals, ovaries, testicles in men, and identify diseases in the fetus during pregnancy. Methods for determining the level of protein and steroid hormones, including female sex hormones, can determine even the minimum deviation of the hormone levels from normal.

By analyzing the blood for hormones, one can suspect tumors, find out the cause of infertility, impairment of the menstrual cycle, the causes of impotence. Determination of the level of female sex hormones is mandatory for skin and hair problems, in menopause, for obesity, for kidney pathology, for the selection of oral contraceptives, for suspected benign and malignant tumors.

Symptoms of hormonal disorders in women

Despite the fact that hormonal disorders are different in their manifestations, their main symptoms are the same:

  • violations of the menstrual cycle of women caused by these disorders of dysfunctional uterine bleeding
  • Infertility, miscarriage of pregnancy

Many gynecological diseases caused by a violation of the hormonal background of a woman (uterine myoma, polyps of the endometrium and uterus, polycystosis) are dangerous because of the development of a woman against the background of a woman with malignant neoplasms. Hormonal diseases of female genital organs without treatment can lead to anemia, caused by great blood loss during uterine bleeding, to a change in the level of hormones and diseases of the endocrine system, to uterine and ovarian cancer.

Treatment of hormonal disorders in women

Treatment of the majority of hormonal disorders and hormone-mediated diseases is the use of hormone therapy, which helps to eliminate the symptoms of the disease, restore the menstrual cycle and prevent complications of hormonal failure. In some cases, hormone therapy is not an effective method of treatment, then the operative treatment (scraping of the uterus, laparoscopy), and hormonal preparations are used to consolidate the results of the operation. In diseases of female genital organs associated with hormonal disorders, there are often no clearly expressed specific symptoms. Therefore, a woman should take seriously violations of her menstrual cycle. In case of any violations, you must immediately contact the gynecologist for diagnosis of hormonal disorders and the appointment of appropriate treatment:

  • delay in menstruation (cycle duration over 35 days)
  • the onset of menstruation earlier than 21 days (shortening of the cycle)
  • too much menstrual blood loss
  • occurrence of intermenstrual bleeding

Preventative examinations at a gynecologist less than twice a year will help prevent possible hormonal imbalances and hormone-related diseases of the female genital organs at the earliest stage of their development. Hormonal failure in women (in adolescents, during pregnancy, menopause). Many women face diseases that are associated with changes in the work of the endocrine glands that produce hormones - a violation of the hormonal background (hormonal failure).

Female hormones and hormonal failure in adolescence

When there is a formation of the female reproductive system, the hormonal background and the girl turns into a girl, in her body there is a real hormonal storm. At this time, moms should pay special attention to the daughters, so that if necessary, they should turn to the gynecologist. To the gynecologist it is necessary to address for inspection of a hormonal background and exception of hormonal disturbances if:

  • There are no menstruation in the girl at the age of 14-16 or they are irregular. If at this time menstruation has not yet been established, there are once every few months, if not absent, this indicates insufficient production or even absence of female sex hormones in the girl's body. Other signs of this pathology: insufficient or overly expressed hair, underdevelopment of the mammary glands.
  • The girl has a very long period of growth. Girls with insufficient production of female sex hormones do not close the growth zones of tubular bones, and they continue to increase in growth when their peers are no longer growing. They usually have very long arms and legs, and in all appearance the infantility is noticeable. Often such girls are very thin, they have a normal fatty tissue, while the menstrual cycle is broken.
    In such cases, gynecologists recommend:
    • Pass an ultrasound examination, make sure that the internal genitalia are developed normally.
    • Make a blood test for sex hormones. Insufficient level of sex hormones can lead to underdevelopment of the uterus, cystic degeneration of the ovaries. In this case, the girl needs to undergo treatment.
    • Those who have already begun to have sex should be checked for infection. The presence of infections is accompanied by inflammatory diseases of female genital organs, which lead to hormonal disorders.
    • Stick to the seleno-zinc diet. You can take and nutritional supplements with zinc and selenium, which reduce nervousness, mood swings, stimulate immunity.

    Female hormones and hormonal failure in pregnancy

    If the pregnancy has already taken place, then the development of the main hormones in the body of a young woman is normal. However, deviations in the level of female hormones from normal are also possible, which are important not to be missed. During pregnancy, you should immediately contact a gynecologist if:

    • In the past there was a threat of miscarriage - premature contractions of the uterus, manifested by pains in the lower abdomen, spotting from the vagina
    • previous birth was abnormal

    It is very important to be under the control of a gynecologist, to take tests for hormones during the entire gestation period. Mandatory blood tests for hormones in the normal course of pregnancy for all pregnant women are:

    Prenatal screening for the first trimester of pregnancy (biochemical screening). Prenatal biochemical screening is based on the determination of the concentration of hormones and amino acids in the analysis of the blood of a pregnant woman, produced by the mother, placenta and fetus. It is used to detect pathological conditions of pregnancy, including developmental disorders of the fetus. Prenatal screening for the first trimester is carried out at 11-14 weeks of gestation. Prenatal screening for the first trimester includes blood tests for PAPP protein and chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). Pregnant simultaneously with the analysis of blood should be done ultrasound pregnancy. Prenatal screening for the second trimester of pregnancy (biochemical screening). Prenatal screening for the second trimester is carried out at 14-18 weeks of gestation. A pregnant woman should take a blood test for alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), a hormone chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), hormone estriol free (Est.). Prenatal screening for the second trimester also includes UZI pregnancy.

    Female hormones and hormonal failure with menopause

    Climax is the time most difficult even for healthy women. Symptoms of hormonal diseases at this time is important not only not to miss, but also to evaluate correctly. To the gynecologist for research of a hormonal background it is necessary to address if:

    • A woman wakes up at 4-5 in the morning - this is a sign that the production of sex hormones is reduced.
    • There is an increase in symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. Sharp mood swings a week before menstruation, swelling and soreness of the mammary glands, rheumatic pains in the joints, exacerbation of chronic malignancies. The reason above the above pathology in the violation of the hormonal background, associated with a lack of estrogens.
    • Absence of attention, forgetfulness, depression. Hormones of the ovaries are necessary for the normal functioning of the central nervous system of a woman.
    In such cases it is recommended:
    • Consult a gynecologist about hormonal correction.
    • Increase the amount of vegetarian food in your diet, phytotherapy.

    One of the methods of restoring the normal level of female hormones is hirudotherapy (treatment with leeches). Leeches can help in each of the three periods of "hormonal adjustment" of the female body.