Diet therapy for skin diseases depends on which process prevails: infectious or allergic. However, there are general principles that must be adhered to in the therapeutic diet for skin diseases.
It is known that simple carbohydrates increase allergic reactions in the human body, so when urticaria, eczema, they must be limited, and sometimes completely excluded from nutrition. Limit the use of foods that contain a lot of sugar, it is necessary for furunculosis, which is often the first symptom of a violation of carbohydrate metabolism in diabetes mellitus.
With skin diseases, sugar can be replaced with sorbitol or xylitol. The latter is preferred, because it not only replaces sugar to taste, but also positively affects the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats without participation in this process of insulin. Preference for xylitol is given also because it has a lipotropic effect, preventing fatty degeneration of the liver. As the five atomic xylitol alcohol positively affects the flora of the intestine and helps to preserve vitamins in the human body. In the day you can eat up to 30 g of xylitol, sweetening them dishes, the temperature of which should not exceed 70C, in order to avoid a bitter taste.
The amount of proteins in skin diseases should correspond to the physiological norm of a person. However, sometimes it is necessary to avoid those protein products that can be allergens (fish proteins and egg whites). Their use is limited with eczema, hives. Meat can be eaten in boiled form. It is necessary to exclude extractive substances, which are many in meat, fish broths and mushroom broths. It is proved that successful treatment of seborrheic eczema is possible when using a diet with a slightly increased protein content. In this case, proteins should come in the composition of products such as fresh cheese, steeply boiled eggs, meat (in the absence of allergies).
The amount of fats in therapeutic nutrition for skin diseases should not be limited, and sometimes over so-called "ketogenic diets" with an increased fat content due to vegetable fats. Particularly useful is the ketogenic fat diet in the treatment of this eczema. The positive role of the fatty part of the diet in skin diseases is explained by the presence of a large number of vitamins A and E in milk fats and unrefined oil, which improve healing with various skin lesions, increase the body's resistance to infections and weaken allergic reactions.
In the diet of patients must be present a large number of vegetables and fruits, which are a source of vitamins, macro- and microelements. In case of skin diseases against obesity, medical nutrition should be started with a pair of unloading days, one of which must be vegetable or fruit, for example, apple or cucumber.
During the exacerbation of chronic skin diseases from the diet, it is necessary to exclude the spice spices, which cause nonspecific irritation of the skin and can enhance the inflammatory processes on the skin. Dishes can be boiled or steamed. In some cases, to improve the taste after cooking, the meat can be slightly fried.
With furunculosis it is useful to eat dishes that include yeast (yeast drink, soup-puree from meat with cheese and yeast, yeast pate, etc.).